The systematic management of the Territorial Forests and the Protected Areas (including ex-situ conservation) are achieved through the Working Plans and Management Plans respectively. The Working Plans for the Territorial Forests are prepared by the Deputy Conservator of Forests/Working Plan and the Management Plans are prepared by the respective Deputy Conservator of Forests/DFOs in consultation with their Conservator of Forests/Chief Conservator of Forests. The Plans are approved by the MoEFCC after thorough scrutiny by the Regional Office, the National Board of Wildlife or the Central Zoo Authority as the case may be.